Panchatantra Book I : The Lion and the Bull

Once upon a time, in a city in southern India, there lived a wealthy merchant named Vardhaman. One day he thought: “Even an abundant store of wealth will reduce to nothing if it is not consistently replenished. A very little, if added to, grows like an ant-hill. Hence, even though money be abundant, it should be increased. Money should be earned. What is earned, should be guarded. What is...
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The Lion and The Jackal

In a part of a forest lived a lion named Vajradaunstra, in company with three counselors, a wolf, a jackal, and a camel. One day he fought with a furious elephant whose sharp-pointed tusk tore his body and he could not get out of bed for a week. Then, suffering from a seven-day fast, his body lean with hunger, he said to his famished advisers: “Round up some creature in the forest, so that, I...
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The Lion and the Ram

In a part of a forest was a ram, separated from his flock. In the armour of his great fleece and horns, he roamed the woods fearlessly. One day a lion in that forest encountered him. At this unprecedented sight, since the wool so bristled in every direction as to conceal the body, the lion felt fearful of this animal unknown in that forest. “Surely, he is more powerful than I am,” thought he....
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The Lion and The Carpenter

In a faraway city, there lived a carpenter. He had a practice of carrying his lunch and go with his wife into the forest to cut great logs. In that forest lived a lion named Nirmal, accompanied by two carnivorous friends, a jackal and a crow. One day the lion was roaming the woods alone and encountered the carpenter. The carpenter coming face to face with the lion was shocked. He thought that he...
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The Trusting Camel

Once a merchant was leading a caravan of a hundred camels loaded with valuable cloth. Not able to bear all the load, one of his camels, named Kradanaka, fell limp. Moved by his plight, the merchant divided his load and distributed it on other camels. But since he found himself in a wild forest region where delay was impossible, he proceeded, leaving Kradanaka behind. When the caravan was gone,...
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The Rabbit & The Foolish Lion

A lion named Bhasuraka ruled the jungle, indiscriminately killing all other animals. All the other animals decided to meet the lion one day in a delegation. “Oh, lord,” they said, “why do you kill so many of us every day, when you need only one for your food? Let us have an agreement. Now onwards, there would be no need for you to hunt. We will send an animal every day to you. This way, you will...
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